General Public Health Issue

Steps to Protect Yourself from UV Radition

Sustained exposure to ultraviolet radiations of the sun has proven health risks, although some limited exposure to the sun is desirable (especially in winter) as it facilitates the production of Vitamin D which is important for bones and teeth. It is important you recognize the impacts of excessive UV radiation and to take protective measures wherever possible.

The health risks posed by UV radiations are as follows:

  • Rise in incidence of skin diseases particularly skin cancer.
  • Suppression of the human immune system, leading to increase in infectious diseases and decrease in efficiency of vaccines as a protective measure.
  • Increase in cases of eye damage and diseases, especially cataracts and blindness.

What you must do

In order to protect yourself from the damaging impacts of UV radiation, you should follow these simple rules

  • Stay in the shade as much as possible when outdoors
    Seek shade when UV rays are most intense, but keep in mind that shade structures such as trees, umbrellas or canopies do not offer complete sun protection.
  • Wear protective clothing
    Wear tightly woven, full-sleeved clothing to protect your skin from sun. To protect your face, wear a wide brimmed hat.
  • Wear Sunglasses
    Sunglasses that provide 99 to 100 percent UV-A and UV-B protection will greatly reduce eye damage from sun exposure.
  • Use sunscreen
    Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen of SPF 15+ liberally and re-apply every two hours, or after working, swimming, playing or exercising outdoors.
  • Avoid sunlamps and tanning parlours
    Sun beds damage the skin and unprotected eyes and are best avoided entirely.
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